In this edition of our Copyright Corner series, we’ll look at citation. The importance of giving credit where credit is due might seem obvious. Most of us learned the basics of citing sources in high school and understand that it is required in academic writing and publication, but did you know that citation is equally important in our professional roles?
As health care workers, we demonstrate integrity and professionalism by giving credit to the creators of information that we quote, reuse, or adapt in our own publications. This includes, but is not limited to:
Let’s look at how you can tell your readers where the information came from if you do have permission to reuse a work, or if you are quoting or paraphrasing a short excerpt.
There are many citation styles, including:
For published works (scholarly or otherwise), you should always ask your publisher if a particular citation style is required. For example, if you are publishing a subject guide with Library Services, we will ask you to use APA style. A medical journal publisher may require that you format your article in AMA or NLM/Vancouver style.
Whatever citation style you use, the basic principles are the same. If you quote or paraphrase from a source, the borrowed text is indicated by an in-text citation, which corresponds to an entry in your reference list. You can think of in-text citations as breadcrumbs, leading you to the full reference. That reference will usually include the author’s name(s), publication date, title, publication information, and (for journal articles) the DOI (digital object identifier).
Citation management tools, such as Zotero and Mendeley, can help you keep track of your citations and create in-text citations and reference lists. You can learn more about these tools on Library Services’ Citation Management subject guide.
Databases often include citation generators, making it easy for you to create a citation in your style of choice. In PubMed, for example, you can click on the ❛❛ Cite button (1). The citation will appear as a pop-up (2). You can then choose your preferred citation style and copy the citation.
Library Services’ new Discover search also includes generated citations. When viewing a record, under “Export to your favorite citation manager” on the right-hand side, you can choose your preferred citation style (3) and copy the citation (4).
The next article in the Copyright Corner series will address:
In the meantime, you can find more information about citing sources on our Copyright subject guide. For one-on-one assistance, book a consultation with a library team member or email us at firstname.lastname@example.org.
Purdue OWL: Research and Citation Resources
MacOdrum Library. (n.d.). NLM/Vancouver citation style. Carleton University. https://library.carleton.ca/guides/help/vancouver-citation-style.
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Last updated: Jun 23, 2022 1:47 PM
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